Ancient Egypt Map With Divisions
In this Ancient Egypt Map, you will see some clear divisions. First of all, the country has two coasts – the North Coast overlooking the Mediterranean Sea and the East Coast overlooking the Red Sea.
The Nile River splits the country in half, with almost all the inhabitants residing in cities or towns on the Nile’s shores. As we already know, the ancient Egyptians relied fully on the Nile’s yearly flooding to fertilize the soil…
The two sides of the Nile used to have different functions in ancient Egypt.: The West was the land of the dead, where tombs and funerary temples were, and the East would be the land of the living where homes and villages were plus the cult temples of the gods.
Lower Egypt is the northern part of the country while Upper Egypt is the southern part.
Historical Sites on the Ancient Egypt Map
Some of the most important sites of ancient Lower Egypt:
- Rosetta – where the Rosetta Stone was discovered.
- Alexandria – Capital city of the Greco-Roman Period of ancient Egypt.
- Leontopolis – Cult center of Lionine deities such as the goddess Sekhmet.
- Bubastis – Cult center of the cat goddess Bastet.
- Heliopolis – One of ancient Egypt’s main cult centers and home of the Ennead cosmology.
- Giza – Home of the three most famous ancient pyramids and the Great sphinx.
- Memphis – One of ancient Egypt’s most important capital cities.
- Sakkara – Home of the Step Pyramid of Djoser.
- Dahshur – Home of the Bent and Red Pyramids of Snefru.
- Meidum – Home of the Pyramid of Meidum.
Some of the most important sites of ancient Upper Egypt:
- Hermopolis – home of the Ogdoad cosmology (it was a border town between Upper and Lower Egypt).
- El-Amarna – home of the city of Akhenaten, as well as palaces, temples and tombs.
- Abdydos – Cult center of Osiris and Isis.
- Dendera – site of the gorgeous Temple of Hathor.
- Neqada – Local center of the god Seth.
- Thebes – one of ancient Egypt’s greatest capital cities, now located in greater Luxor area.
- Esna – Cult center of the god Khnum and his triad.
- Heirakonpolis or Nekhen – Capital city and and cult center of the god Horus of Nekhen.
- Edfu – home of the Ptolemaic Temple of Horus.
- Sehel and Elephantine Islands – Cult centers of the Nile goddesses Satet and Anuket.
- Philae – Home of the Ptolemaic Temple of Isis.
- Abu Simbel – Home to some of the most majestic ancient temples build by Ramesses II.
You will also notice on this Ancient Egypt Map that many of the cities have Greek names. These names are still in use today, but most of them now also have Arabic names.
For example – I myself live in a city called Heliopolis (not the ancient one), which is considered to be part of greater Cairo, but this city also has the Arabic name of “Misr Al Jadida”…
…the Greek name means “City of the Sun”, while the Arabic name means “New Egypt”.
While the ancient city of Heliopolis (which is close to the one where I live) is now called “Ain Shams” meaning “Eye of the Sun” in Arabic.
In fact, Egypt itself has many different names: there’s of course Egypt, which in Arabic (the national language of the country) is “Misr”. As you know, the name of ancient Egypt is “Kemet”, meaning “black land”.
It can get kind of confusing, I know.
But not to worry, if you visit, you’ll realize everyone knows all the different names of the different cities.
This Ancient Egypt Map doesn’t do justice to Ancient Nubia, which is also important in relation to ancient Egyptian history. Nubia itself is so vast with many histories that it deserves a whole website of its own.
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Thanks and take care!