To me, nothing is more telling of a society than how and what they worship. Egyptian Gods and Goddesses, however, are so many and so specialized that they make the ancient Egyptian belief system even more mysterious.
And to make things even more complicated, the Gods themselves often changed forms and roles!
With over 700 Gods and Goddesses - each with a specific form, locale, role and ritual - it would be quite impossible to cover this aspect of Ancient Egypt on this site.
In fact, I wouldn't be able to do it with a whole site dedicated to it...
...What I will do though is list the most important Gods and Goddesses here in this section of the site. I would love to hear from you about this topic.
Let me know! I want to hear Your stories, opinion and questions. Click here to share...
So, let's get started. First, learn about The Great Ennead of Heliopolis,which is the group of 9 Egyptian Gods and Goddesses significant to the creation of the world in ancient Egyptian mythology. And you'll also find information on Heliopolis, another religious capital of ancient Egypt.
Now we'll explore these mysterious and beautiful Egyptian Gods, just click on their images!
The Forms, roles and worship of the Sun god. Head of the Great ennead, pilot of the solar boat, creator of the universe, lord of heaven and Earth. The first of all Egyptian Gods.
Forms, roles and worship of the offspring of Atum (Ra). God of Air and Goddess of Mist, brother and sister, husband and wife. Parents of the Earth God Geb and Sky Goddess Nut. Shu held up his daughter the sky up above his son the earth.
Forms, roles and worship of the Earth God Geb and the Sky Goddess Nut. Children of the God of Air Shu and the Goddess of Mist Tefnut, they formed the earth with its beings and sky with its stars. Created to please Ra. Parents of Osiris, Isis, Seth and Nephthys.
Forms, roles and worship of The God of Death. God of the Underworld, Death and Resurrection. God of Fertility and Vegetation. Son of Geb and Nut, husband of Isis, father of Horus and Anubis. Murdered by his brother Seth.
Forms, roles and worship of The Great Mother. Goddess of wifely and motherly love, sorceress, healer of the sick, daughter of Geb and Nut, wife of Osiris, mother of Horus, step-mother of Anubis.
Forms, roles and worship of the God of Wisdom. Ra's assistant, creator of writing, math and astronomy. God of science, medicine and knowledge. Healer of the sick, bull of justice and messenger of the Egyptian Gods. He helped resurrect Osiris long enough to father Horus.
Forms, roles and worship of the Lady of All, daughter of Ra and the apple of his eye. Goddess of beauty, love and joy. Avenger of Ra, destroyer of man, and nourisher of the dead. She is the epitome of femininity and womanhood, represented by the Cow.
Forms, roles and worship of the Lady of the House, wife of Seth, sister of Isis and mistress of Osiris. Goddess of darkness, death and night. Mother of Anubis and protector of Canopic jars and Coffins. She helped her sister Isis locate the pieces of Osiris's body.
Forms, roles and worship of the Red God. Lord of the desert and storms. Brother and murderer of Osiris, enemy of Horus. God of evil, darkness and chaos.
Forms, roles and worship of the Sky God. Protector of kings, guide of souls, son of Isis and Osiris, avenger and ruler of Earth. God of Order.
Forms, roles and worship of the Jackal. Watchdog of Isis, care-taker of bodies, Lord of mummy wrapping, weigh-er of hearts, greeter of souls, Lord of the Holy Land. God of Death.
Forms, roles and worship of the Goddess of Truth, Justice and Fairness. She is represented by the feather of Truth that she wears on top of her head; the same feather used in the weighing-of-the-heart ceremony.
As you can see, I could only cover a fraction of all the ancient Egyptian deities... I've made a small list of other important ancient Egyptian gods and goddesses here to give you a fuller idea. Still, there is no way to cover all of them, for that you will need to get an entire book dedicated to this topic alone!
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