Egyptian Gods and Goddesses

To me, nothing is more telling of a society than how and what they worship. Egyptian gods and goddesses, however, are so many and so specialized that they make the ancient Egyptian belief system even more mysterious.

And to make things even more complicated, the Gods themselves often changed forms and roles!

With over 700 Gods and Goddesses - each with a specific form, locale, role and ritual - it would be quite impossible to cover this aspect of Ancient Egypt on this site.

In fact, I wouldn't be able to do it with a whole site dedicated to it...

...What I will do though is list the most important Gods and Goddesses here in this section of the site.

So, let's get started. First, learn about The Great Ennead of Heliopolis,which is the group of 9 Egyptian Gods and Goddesses significant to the creation of the world in ancient Egyptian mythology. And you'll also find information on Heliopolis, another religious capital of ancient Egypt.

Now, just click on the links below for info on different Egyptian gods and goddesses.

Please keep in mind that this section of the website is being updated!


Egyptian God Ra

The God Ra

The forms, roles and worship of the Sun god. Head of the Great ennead, pilot of the solar boat, creator of the universe, lord of heaven and earth.


The God Shu

Forms, roles and worship of the first son of Atum (Ra). God of Air, father of the Earth God Geb and Sky Goddess Nut. Shu held up his daughter the sky up above his son the earth.


God Geb and Goddess Nut

The God Geb

Forms, roles and worship of the Earth God Geb. Son of the God of Air Shu and the Goddess of Mist Tefnut. Father of Osiris, Isis, Seth and Nephthys.


God Osiris

The God Osiris

Forms, roles and worship of The God of the Underworld, Death, Resurrection, Fertility and Vegetation. Son of Geb and Nut, husband of Isis, father of Horus and Anubis.


Goddess Isis

The Goddess Isis

Forms, roles and worship of The Great Mother. Sorceress, healer of the sick, daughter of Geb and Nut, wife of Osiris, mother of Horus, step-mother of Anubis.


God Thoth

The God Thoth

Forms, roles and worship of the God of Wisdom. Ra's assistant, creator of writing, math and astronomy. God of science, medicine and knowledge.


Goddess Hathor

The Goddess Hathor

Forms, roles and worship of the Lady of All, daughter of Ra and the apple of his eye. Goddess of beauty, love and joy. Avenger of Ra, destroyer of man, and nourisher of the dead.


Goddess Nephthys

The Goddess Nephthys

Forms, roles and worship of the Lady of the House, wife of Seth, sister of Isis and Osiris. Goddess of darkness, death and night. Mother of Anubis. Protector of Canopic Jars.


God Seth

The God Seth

Forms, roles and worship of the Red God. Lord of the desert and storms. Brother and murderer of Osiris, enemy of Horus. God of evil, darkness and chaos.


God Horus

The God Horus

Forms, roles and worship of the Sky God. Protector of kings, guide of souls, son of Isis and Osiris, avenger and ruler of Earth. God of Order.


God Anubis

The God Anubis

Forms, roles and worship of the Jackal. Watchdog of Isis, care-taker of bodies, Lord of mummy wrapping, weigh-er of hearts, greeter of souls, Lord of the Holy Land. God of Death.


Goddess Maat

The Goddess Maat

Forms, roles and worship of the Goddess of Truth, Justice and Fairness. Her feather of truth is used in the weighing-of-the-heart ceremony.


The Goddess Bastet

Forms, roles and worship of the cat goddess, who was first a leonine deity. She had a cult center in Per-Bast and was represented by one of ancient Egypt's most enduring icons - the seated, jeweled cat.



As you can see, I could only cover a fraction of all the ancient Egyptian deities... I've made a small list of other important ancient Egyptian gods and goddesses here to give you a fuller idea. Still, there is no way to cover all of them, for that you will need to get an entire book dedicated to this topic alone!

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